Leading the troops
A look at Philadelphia's heroic memorial to a local Civil War hero
The General Galusha Pennypacker Memorial, created by sculptor Charles Grafly, stands along Logan Square on Philadelphia's Benjamin Franklin Parkway. Pennypacker, a Chester County native, was the youngest general in the Civil War.
In 1861 Captain Henry Guss raised the 97th Pennsylvania Regiment for three years of service in the Civil War. Among his volunteers was Galusha Pennypacker in command of Company Although he was but 17-years-old. Pennypacker served throughout the war and was wounded at least seven times. On January 13, 1865, Colonel Pennypacker led his brigade ashore at Fort Fisher (painting below/right.) Two days later he was leading his men in the assault when the color bearer fell and Colonel Pennypacker grasped the flag and valiantly carried it forward to plant it on the enemy’s works. Wounded yet again, the valiant young veteran was awarded the Medal of Honor and promoted to Brigadier General. At age twenty, he became the youngest general in U.S. Army history, a record he holds to this day.
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Charles Grafly (December 3, 1862 - April, 1929), American sculptor, was born at Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He was a pupil of the schools of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia, and of Henri M Chapu and Jean Dampt, and the École des Beaux Arts, Paris. He received an Honorable Mention in the Paris Salon of 1891 for his "Mauvais Presage," now at the Detroit Museum of Fine Arts, a gold medal at the Paris Exposition, in 1900, and medals at Chicago, 1893, Atlanta, 1895, and Philadelphia (the gold Medal of Honor, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts), 1899.
In 1892 he became instructor in sculpture at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, also filling the same chair at the Drexel Institute, Philadelphia. He was elected a full member of the National Academy of Design in 1905.